Pengertian Quantifiers dan Penjelasan Lengkap

In Grammar

Pengertian Quantifiers dan Penjelasan Lengkap – Quantifiers dalam bahasa Inggris digunakan untuk memberikan keterangan/informasi tentang jumlah atau kuantitas benda. Quantifiers bisa berupa sebuah kata saja atau juga frase (complex quantifiers). Pada umumnya, quantifiers diletakkan sebelum kata benda sehingga pola nya menjadi quantifier + noun (kata benda).

1. Contoh Quantifiers

Tipe Contoh
Simple All

Another

Any

Both

Each

Either

Enough

Every

Few

Fewer

Little

Less

Many

More

Much

Neither

No

several

some

Complex a few

a little

a lot of

lots of

Contoh kalimat:

• They do not have much money to buy a car therefore they lend some money from a banker.
• Melinda and I bought another vase to decorate our living room.
• Send my regards to your family and please take all gifts that I bring.
Both Vandy and Jantie passed the examination with good score.
• There are a lot of journalists in front of Bobi’s house. They are going to ask clarification about his wedding.
• Karen shared a little story about her family in a talkshow last night.

Selain itu, kita juga bisa mengubah mode kalimat dari formal menjadi informal hanya dengan mengganti quantifiers nya.

Contoh kalimat:

• In this era, many women love collecting lipsticks and other make-up tools even though they do not need it. It becomes a trend. (formal)
• Nowadays, a lot of women care about their physical appearance very much. (informal)
• The children made little mess. (formal)
• The solution didn’t give much effect to the problem. (informal/natural)

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Berikut ini adalah pembagian quantifiers apabila diikuti kata benda uncountable dan countable:

Tipe Quantifiers
Uncountable much

a little/little/very little *

a bit (of)

a great deal of

a large amount of

a large quantity of

Countable many

a few/few/very few **

a number (of)

several

a large number of

a great number of

a majority of

Bisa diikuti kata benda countable dan uncountable All

enough

more/most

less/least

no/none

not any

some

any

a lot of

lots of

plenty of

Contoh kalimat:

• I feel much happiness when I am around you. You are such a blessing! (uncountable)
• She drank a large amount of carbonated water therefore she got stomach ache. (uncountable)
• He lost several pens at school since he forgot who borrow them from him. (countable)
Many parties try to win and get support from the society in the general election. (countable)
• Mitha said that she enough healthy foods. (both)
Some cats came to my house. They seemed hungry and sick. (both)

Singular quantifiers menyatakan suatu benda sebagai benda tunggal, namun memiliki makna ‘semua’. Contohnya seperti every dan each.

Contoh kalimat:

• Every student loves the new headmaster of the school.
= All students love the new headmaster of the school.

• Each member should obey the rules in the group.
= All members should obey the rules in the group.

2. Pola/Susunan Penggunaan Quantifiers

a. quantifier + noun

Contoh:
• All animals
• Some places

b. quantifier + adjective + noun

Contoh:
• Lots of fantastic moments
• Much plain drink

c. quantifier + adverb + adjective + noun

Contoh:
• Plenty of very sweet cakes
• A bit of very cold situation

d. Kita juga bisa menggunakan quantifiers tanpa kata benda, seperti kita menggunakan pronoun.

Contoh:
All human beings need love and some need attention. (some merujuk pada ‘human beings)

Baca juga:  Berbagai Jenis Kata Kerja di Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Tags: #Contoh Quantifiers #pembagian quantifiers #Pengertian Quantifiers #Singular quantifiers #Susunan Penggunaan Quantifiers

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