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Polar bear are adapted to live in the polar region, around the north pole. Their bodies have special features that work particularly well in the polar seas. For instance, they have sharp and powerful claws for catching their food, which is mainly seals. In their own environment, they are excellent hunter; but if they had to live on the birds and squirerels in other places, they would die.
The science that study the way different forms of life are adapted to their particular environment is called ecology. The first lesson ofecology is that all life in an environmen depends on other forms of life. Polar bears depend on particlar kinds of fish which are found in the Arctic seas.
There are certain important cycles nature that show plants and animals depend on each other for example, the nitrogen cycle. Plants take nitrogen compound from the soil and turn them into protein Animals eat these proteins and return some of them to the soil as waste products and the rest when they die. Another cycle is the oxygen cycle. When we breath, we take in oxygen, and give out carbon dioxide. Plants absorb it to make sugar compounds, and in the process oxygen is produced and released to the atmosphere.
An ideal ecological system, living things exist in balance. However, particularly where man interferes, a species may become too successful and abundant, and the balance is destroyed. For instances, the use of perticides to kill a particular plant pest may also may also kill predatory insects and even birds, and ths other pests are allowed to increase. Therefore, freat care is needed of pesticides
Though ecology we try to restore the balance in the ecological system and thus save the world from devastation.
1. What is the type of this text?
d. news item
2. What kinds of cycle are mentioned in the text?
a. earth cycle and oxygen cycle
b. oxygen cycle and carbon-dioxide cycle
c. oxygen cycle and nitrogen cycle
d. nitrogen cycle and carbon-dioxide cycle
e. earth cycle and nitrogen cycle
3. What is ecology?
a. a science about the way different forms of life are adapted into environment
b. a study about human and animals together
c. a research about the life of human and polar bear
d. a science that study about polar bear which lives in the north pole
e. living things exist in balance
4. What do we try to do through ecology?
a. to avoid flood in our life
b. to give a description about human life
c. to contribute in our environment
d. to restore the balance in the ecological system
e. to have a happy life
5. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
a. to present two points of view about ecology
b. to retell events for the purpose of informing
c. to describe the way as it is
d. to acknowledge readers about informative events
e. to present perspective points about an issue